NHTSA, IIHS document increase in emergency braking systems in 2017 vehicles
The automakers’ commitment to automatic emergency braking will prevent 28,000 crashes and 12,000 injuries total between 2022 and 2025, IIHS estimates.
Four of the 20 largest automakers committed to increasing automatic emergency braking made the feature standard on more than half of their 2017 model-year vehicles, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and NHTSA said Thursday.
Another five automakers that did not make the feature standard said 30 percent of their vehicles produced for 2017 were outfitted with the systems, the report said.
Luxury brands were more likely to commit. Of the seven companies that standardize automatic emergency braking, Tesla and Mercedes were in the No. 1 and 2 slots, with nearly 100 percent of their vehicles carrying the feature. Audi and BMW were the leaders of the 13 companies that offer the feature as an option.
Sixty-eight percent of Volvo vehicles carried the system, though Toyota Motor Corp.’s 56 percent translated into the largest number of vehicles — 1.4 million out of its 2.5 million total, according to the agencies.
General Motors followed Toyota by volume, producing 551,777 vehicles with the technology out of 2.8 million, making up 20 percent. Honda Motor Co. was third in volume, with 492,330 of 1.6 million vehicles, representing 30 percent of its 2017 fleet.
Seven automakers, including Fiat Chrysler, Hyundai, Kia, Mitsubishi and Ford Motor Co., produced less than 10 percent of their 2017 vehicles with the technology. Just 2 percent of Ford’s vehicles had the feature, while Jaguar Land Rover and Porsche produced none, the report said.
The shift in automatic emergency brake installation stems from a 2015 agreement, facilitated by IIHS, NHTSA and the U.S. Department of Transportation, among 10 automakers to standardize automatic emergency braking on “virtually all light-duty cars and trucks with a gross vehicle weight of 8,500 pounds or less.” Another 10 automakers signed onto the commitment the following March to meet the Sept. 1, 2022, goal.
This commitment, the IIHS estimates, will prevent 28,000 crashes and 12,000 injuries total between 2022 and 2025 — the earliest NHTSA believes it could realistically implement a regulation for automatic emergency braking systems. NHTSA reported 37,461 U.S. highway traffic deaths in 2016, a 5.6 percent increase from the previous year.
“The growing number of vehicles offering automated emergency braking is good news for America’s motorists and passengers,” U.S. Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao said in a statement. “With each model year, manufacturers will increasingly utilize technology to allow vehicles to ‘see’ the world around them and navigate it more safely.”